After Venice, Verona is definitely the most romantic city in Italy. Verona is not only a romantic city, it is also a refined and relaxing one, a truly delightful one. Economic is good, being one of the most prosperous settlements, thanks to its position at the intersection of roads north, south, east and west. In the past, was, for the same reasons, a thriving Roman colony, and later, under the leadership of the Scaligeri family, in the medieval period it became an important city. The conquest was followed by the Visconti family in Milan and then by the Venetian Republic, which held control until the arrival of Napoleon. Since then he has remained under the Austrian yoke until the unification of Italy.
Best sights of Verona
Exploring the city is simple and fun. Monuments and museums abound, many of which are within easy reach of each other. Begins a tour of Piazza Brâ (from the German word breit, which means “spacious”) and from the cavernous Arena, the third largest amphitheater in the Roman Empire, after Capus, near Naples, and the Colosseum in Rome. Ended in year 30, it has a surprisingly good structure. Only the third level disappeared, pulled down by an earthquake in 1183. The 44 rows of stone benches could have received over 20,000 people – roughly like the population of Verona during the time of the Romans, and is now used for the famous opera festival, which has Summer place. He climbs up to the upper level to admire the view of the city.
Going to the Arena, head north-east on Via Mazzini, one of the first in the city to have shops. This will take you to the Piazza delle Erbe, the place where the Roman Forum and the historic city center were. Gathered around a turbulent market, the cramped square is bordered by tempting cafes and many buildings from various periods, the most remarkable being the Casa dei Marcenti (corner of Via Pellicai). Built in 1301 to be warehouse and scholarship, it is all but brick and crenellations. Going on Arco della Costa you reach the Piazza dei Signori, once Verona’s main public market; Displaying wonderful buildings makes it even more beautiful than the Piazza delle Erbe. On your right, as you enter the market, the Palazzo del Comune (built in 1193) rises. In the early days the city hall is also known as the Palazzo della Ragione, or the Palace of Justice, after its last court destination, turn a little to the right and climb into the unmistakable Torre dei Lamberti tower for a panorama of the city . Just next to it is the Palazzo degli Scaligeri, or the Prefettura, brick-built, built as a palace of the Scaligeri family, then appropriated by the Venetian governor of the city. To your left is the Loggia del Consiglio (1493): an attractive Renaissance-style building with arcades and frescoes on the upper level, which served as a council chamber during the Venetian rule.
The statue (1865) in the center of the market is a serious Dante, which in 1301 was met by Scaligeri, a family who, with all the cruelty it proved to come to power, showed some understanding in the field of culture. (As a matter of fact, Dante dedicated the last part of the “Divine Comedy” to one of the Scaligeri family members).
Leave the Piazza dei Signori through the eastern arcades and you will reach the Roman-style church of Santa Maria Antica, the former parish church of the Scaligeri family, whose remarkable graves are aligned behind the iron grille.
Notice the scale motif of the grid, which is repeated, a word game at Scaligeri’s name (scale means “scale”). Beyond the secondary door of the church is the tomb of the family patriarch, Cangrande I (who is Great Dog), who died in 1329. His face, with a smile above, scratches at the copy of the equestrian monument (the original is in Castelvecchio). Another family member who deserved to stand behind the grid is the founder of the dynasty, Mastino I, or the Little Mastiff, who rests in a tomb in front of the church wall. He died in 1277, assassinated in the Piazza dei Signori (Signori Square).
Visitors in Verona are invariably captured by the myth of “Romeo and Juliet” – the action of Shakespeare’s romantic tragedy takes place in this city. Sooner or later you will visit Casa di Giulietta, or the Juliet House. Located not far from Scaligeri, the building surely appears to be a completed balcony element and many statues of the heroine of the same name. Anyway, the whole story is a fake. Although the fictional characters of the bard, Capulet, and Montague were based on families that existed, Capello and Montecchi, there is no evidence of a real Juliet, much less of a love or bloody revenge. The house of the twelfth century is now recognized by the crowd of people who crawl in the yard and the extraordinary variety of lovers’ graffiti that embraces the entrance wall.
From Piazza dei Signori (Signoi Square), go north-east until you reach Sant’Anastasia, the largest church in Verona, built for Dominicans between 1290 and 1481. Beyond the main entrance – the most beautiful piece of an otherwise gray Gothic façade – He noticed the two vessels of sanctified water, each supported by strange faces, named by locals and gobbies (cockroaches). Then pray to find the open sacrifice, because it hides the most valuable object in the church, the fresco of Pisanello (damaged) “St. Gheorghe liberating the Princess of Trebizonda “(1436). On the other side, the chapel on the right side of the altar, Capella dei Pallegrini, is adorned with 15th-century terracotta bas-reliefs, the work of the Tuscan sculptor Michele da Firenze. The first chapel in the northern transfiguration has a precious fresco, “the appearance of the Cavalli family before the Virgin” (1380), painted by the local artist Altiche.
The dome of the Verona
Verona’s Cathedral is located north of the Church of Sant Anastasia in Piazza del Duomo. Starting in 1120, the façade is covered with rosso di Verona, a pink stone that lends the warmth of many churches and palaces in Verona. The western portal (1139) is the work of Nicolo, one of the two craftsmen responsible for the façade of San Zeno Maggiore, another masterpiece of the city. Trying to identify the statues of Roland and Oliver among the sculptures, two of the generals of Charles the Great and the favorite characters of medieval art and literature, Roland’s name appears on his stone sword. The southern portal, with old Roman columns, is almost as impressive – the bas-reliefs here depict the story of Jonah and the whale.
Principalele atracţii în interior sunt o pictură a „înălţării Fecioarei” (1540) a lui Tizian (prima capelă din intervalul nordic), lucrarea în marmură roz şi albă a lui Michele Sanmicheli din faţa altarului (1534), frescele lui Francesco Torbido (1534) şi sculpturile din Capella Mazzanti, executate de un anonim. Complexul catedralei mai include intrarea în San Giovanni in Fonte, parte a
unui baptisteriu din secolul al Vlll-lea, construit peste o biserică din secolul al IV-lea, ale cărei resturi sunt alături. Părţi ale unei alte biserici, din secolul al Xll-lea, Sant’Elena, pot fi, de asemenea, văzute, iar un pasaj spre stânga catedralei te duce la mănăstirea în stil romanesc, construită peste rămăşiţele bazilicii din secolul al V-lea.
Castelvecchio (The Old Castle)
The most important collection of art in Verona is at Castelvecchio, a magnificent palace-fortress, set on the bank of the river. The castle was begun by Cangrande II in 1354. Next to it are the most beautiful bridges in Verona, Ponte Scaligero, restored remarkably after the Nazis destroyed it in 1945 when they retreated from Italy. The 27-room gallery, opened in 1925, is one of the most important in northern Italy, its collection having a wide range of exhibits, from Roman vestiges to Renaissance paintings. Among the most important works of art are “Madonna della Quaglia” by Pisanello, “Madonna della Pasione” by Carlo Crivelli, “Mantegna’s Holy Family”, Veronese’s “Descent on the Cross” and two Madonna by Giovanni Bellini. Other local and northern Italian artists are also well represented, which illustrates the wide expansion and exchange of ideas between the various painting schools. There are also other exhibitions, glassware, weapons, jewelery and sculpture. The most remarkable sculpture is the equestrian statue brought from the tomb of Cangrande.
San Zeno Maggiore ( The Saint Zeno)
Make sure you follow the river to the west or bypass the Parco dell Arsenalle, the largest park in Verona, to see San Zeno Maggiore, the most beautiful Romanian-style church in Italy. Built in its present form in the thirteenth century, the church came to life much earlier, at first it was probably a small chapel above the tomb of St Zeno, Verona’s patron saint of the fourth century. The church reveals its treasures immediately, with a beautiful covered porch (1138) flanked by sculpted, polychrome (1140) bas-reliefs. They fit the main doors of the church, dressed with 48 bronze bas-reliefs from the thirteenth century, one of the earliest works of this kind made out of Antiquity until that time. Byzantine inspiration, bas-reliefs depict biblical scenes and episodes of St. Zeno’s life and are probably the work of two sculptors: the left ones date back to 1030 and the ones on the right from 1137.
Inside, your gaze remains on the magnificent ceiling with the hull of the ship (1386), so called because it resembles the wooden interior of an overturned boat. The nave’s design is inspired by the ancient Roman basilicas, many of the capitals supporting the columns being saved from the previous building. Fragmented frescoes, discolored, but gorgeous, adorn the other walls, being a prelude to the masterpieces inside. Mantegna’s work, Madonna with the Child and Saints (1457-1459), adorns the main altar. She noticed how Mantegna painted Madonna’s aura as a deliberate reflection of the church’s (round-thirteenth century) window. You must also admire the church’s (1123.) and the old church crypt.
Tourism Map of Verona – How do we get to the sights?
What you should know?
A Biglieto Unico ( aunique ticket), or one combined ticket, allows entry into the most important churches. The Verona Card for one or three days allows entry to the most important targets and churches and includes free transportation to the city.