In a previous article we spoke about the best places that you have to see in Andalucia. Today, we speak about a wonderful places, one of the most important from them, The Moorsih Alhambra / Granada- Andalucia. The great complex of the Alhambra is the best-preserved medieval Arab palace In the world and, with nearly two million visitors annually, it is also the most popular monument in Spain. Built on the largely inaccessible Sabika Hill overlooking the city of Granada, its most distinctive phase began in the 11th century as the qa’lat al-Hamra (Red Fort) of the Ziridian rulers. From the 13th to almost the end of the 15th century the kings of the succeeding Nasrid dynasty embellished the site in a most spectacular fashion. The later Christian additions, although handsome in their own right, are generally thought to clash with the delicate, evocative architecture of the Moors. Due to the fact that Alhambra is a huge complex, we have achieved a top ten most attractive tourist spots of it.
Best highlights of Alhambra:
Puerta de la Justicia
Built in 1348, this magnificent horseshoe arch makes use of Arab defence techniques – a step approach combined with four right angled turns – to slow down the invading armies.
The wine gate / Puerta del Vino
Puerta del Vino in english means The “Wine Gate” – so called because it was used as a wine cellar in the 16th century – marks the main entrance arch to what was once the Medina (an old market in this area).
Although largely in ruins, this fortress is well worth a look. Don’t miss climbing up onto the Torre de la Vela for views of the Sierra Nevada.
Plaza de los Aljibes
From this rampants visitors can enjoy splendid views of Granada. The giant cisterns underneath where built the Christian conquerors.
Palacio de Carlos V
This Italian Renaissance palace is the masterpiece of Pedro Machuca, a student of Michelangelo. Housed here are the Museo de la Alhambra, with a fine collection of Nasrid art, and the Museo de Bellas Artes with a range of interesting Christian works.
Nasrid Palaces / Palacios Nazaries
The Nasrid palaces are built of simple brick, wood and stucco, in keeping with Islamic thought not to compete with the creations of Allah.
Palacio de Mexuar
The most poorly preserved of the three palaces, this area was the most public space, dedicated to judicial and bureaucratic business. The original structure dates from 1365, but there are obvious Christian overlays, since it was converted to a chapel in the 10th century.
The Lions Palace /Palacio de los Leones
Dating from the was the Harem, the private zone reserved for the sultan and his family. The fountain of 12 lions, in the central courtyard of the palace, may represent the 12 signs of the zodiac, the 12 hours of the clock, or the 12 tribes of Israel.
Palcio de Comares
Built in the mid-14th century, this area constituted the Serallo, where the sultan would receive dignitaries and deal with diplomatic issues. Inside is the Salón de Embajadores, the main throne room of the Alhambra. In front of the palace is the Patio de Arrayanes, where serene fountains and pools, fragrant plantings, and elaborate wood and stucco work are all strictly geometric in design yet delicately refined, often featuring inscribed poems in praise of Allah.
As you leave the Alhambra, stroll through the gardens with their fountains and watercourses laid out in an area that used to have palaces of its own. All you can see of them now are five porticoed arches. This area leads up to the Generalife, the summer palace.